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Saba Arif

Review Board Member
Assistant Professor Air University
Expertise: Renewable Energy, Mechanical Engineering, Solar System Design


Dr.Saba is an academic professional with 7 years of experience in the fields of "Mechanical Engineering" and "Renewable Energy". She holds the distinction of possessing two fully funded Ph.D.s in the above-mentioned domains with high-ranked publications. In addition to her teaching expertise, she has secured multiple funding as a principal investigator from the Graduate School at Prince of Songkla University, Thailand. Also, she has been an active reviewer for the Journal of Building Engineering since 2021. Beyond research, she has successfully managed the role of "Manager Post Graduate Studies" for outcome-based education for the duration of 2 years. Her expertise includes successfully managing multiple annual and mid-term reviews and audit inspections for a variety of curriculums. She takes pride in ensuring that the curriculum and research activities are in compliance with all regulatory requirements.


  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering, 2018-2023
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia. PhD in Energy Technology,
  • 2017-2021
Thailand; Prince of Songkla University HatYai, Songkla, Thailand.

Reviewed by Saba Arif

how many panels needed for a 5kW solar system

To set up a 5kw solar system with the standard 320W solar panels, you’re going to require a total of 16 panels. 16 panels x 320w = 5120w or 5.1kW. They measure 170cm x 100cm and when set up together in an array they cover 27m2 of roof space. 16 solar panels needed for a …

Roof space required for a 3kW solar system

Solar power is becoming increasingly common, which allow us to use the solar energy in our homes and businesses. Solar electricity can be utilized for various purposes, it is highly feasible to use solar energy to charge gadgets, home appliances and now even vehicles. This can be possible by implementing and converting solar light into …

Solar Panels vs Photovoltaic Cells  What's the Difference

Solar panels and photovoltaic cells are often used interchangeably because most people seem to think they mean the same thing. But do they? Well, technically, no. Solar panels and photovoltaic cells are two distinct parts of your solar photovoltaic system. A photovoltaic cell is a single electronic component containing layers of silicon semiconductors that convert …

Do Solar Panels Need Direct Sunlight To Work

Undoubtedly direct sunlight provides optimal conditions for solar panels to generate electricity. But what if there is no direct sunlight? Can the panels still produce electricity? Solar panels can still work without direct sunlight because they use photons present in natural daylight to produce electricity. However, there will be a drop in their output without …

Manufacturing technology

The effectiveness of solar panels is measured by how well they convert sunlight into usable electricity. Solar panel’s efficiency is about 22.8% on average, ranging from 13 – 22.8%. In Australia, solar panels have a much higher efficiency of 25.54% due to the high amounts of sunshine. The more efficient a solar panel is, the …

Examples of Energy Transformations

There are many types of energy around us. Energy transformation is the process of converting one form of energy into another. It can happen through transference or conversion. Thermodynamics is the study of how energy transforms from one form into another. Laws of thermodynamics Energy cannot be created or destroyed The first law of thermodynamics …

Sunrun Solar instlling

A 6kW solar system is highly favoured among various options, ideally suiting the common energy use trends seen in the average Australian home. For a bit of reassurance and to exactly show what a 6kW setup is capable of, we’ve spent some time researching and listing the daily energy consumption of average household appliances, aiding …

Do I need a power optimiser

A power optimizer is an electrical device added to a solar system to improve its efficiency. Power optimizers are considered to be Module-Level Power Electronics (MLPE), such as microinverters and optimizers help improve the performance and energy production of your solar PV system design condition and fix the voltage of the, DC energy then send …

Is it expensive to install solar panels men install solar

Solar energy converts sunlight into electrical power, suitable for use in both domestic and commercial settings, or for feeding back into the power network. This process involves utilising solar panels, inverters, and occasionally, solar batteries to generate this electricity. How do solar panels generate electricity? When sun rays strike solar panels, the silicon photovoltaic cells …

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